This collection includes subjects with links (however tenuous) to Europe in pre-Roman and immediately post Roman times. I include place-names, river names, and the Indo-European languages.

Great Britain, Ireland, northern and western France, the Low Countries inside the old Rhine frontier, parts of Germany and Switzerland, Spain and Portugal are covered.The Celtic and Germanic background and expansions, and the Roman conquest are treated.

Celtic and Latin place-names and natural feature names are presented with English place and river names in eastern England and northern France.

Place-names and river names in Iberia are being added.

The material will be expanded and refreshed. The site should be browsed rather than read from end to end.

clickable map of western empire

active map

Last revised - 20 November 2005
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Britannia Gallia Iberia Germania Africa Italia Illyria default